Explained: The New Education Policy & It's Reforms.
The Government of India has remodelled the current National Policy on Education, with the National Education Policy of 2020 (NEP).
The Union Cabinet has authorised the new National Education Policy (NEP), 2020 with a matter-of-fact to instigate numerous modifications in the Indian education system - from the foundation to university tier.-
In this article, I have tried to make the NEP 2020 easy to understand.
Crucial points about New Education Policy 2020.
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The initial level of schooling.
- Universalisation of schooling with 100% Gross Enrolment Ratio (GER) in foundation education by 2030.
- Development of open schooling at the national level with more than 2 crore enrollment.
- The current 10+2 system to be changed with new 5+3+3+4 curriculum resembling ages 3 to 8, 8 to 11, 11 to 14, and 14 to 18 years respectively.
- Proper thinking with 12 years of schooling with three years of Anganwadi/ pre-schooling.
- Class 10 and 12 board examinations to be formulated easier with all students permitted to take the exam twice.
- School governance is set to rewrite, with a new accreditation receptacle and an independent authority to govern both social and particular schools.
- Stress on Foundational Literacy and Numeracy, no strict divergence between educational streams, extracurricular, vocational streams in academies.
- Vocational Education to start from the primary level at class with a choice of training.
- Teaching limited to Grade 5 to be in the local dialect. No language will be imposed on any learner.
- Examination reforms with 360-degree Holistic Progress Card, tracking Student Progress for obtaining Learning Outcomes.
- A modern and comprehensive National Curriculum Framework for Teacher Education (NCFTE) 2021, will be proposed by the National Council for Teacher Education (NCTE) in meeting with National Council of Educational Research and Training (NCERT).
- By 2030, the minimum grade capability for educating will be a 4-year merged B.Ed. degree.
Higher Level Education.
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- Entire Enrolment Ratio in increased schooling to be raised to 50% by 2035. Also, 3.5 crore seats to be expanded in higher schooling.
- The current Gross Enrolment Ratio (GER) in higher schooling is 26.3%.
- Holistic Undergraduate academic with a creative curriculum can be of 3 or 4 years with numerous vent options and favourable certification within this duration.
- M.Phil courses will be halted and all the undertakings at undergraduate, postgraduate and PhD category will now be interdisciplinary.
- Academic Bank of Credits to be inaugurated to stimulate Transfer of Credits.
- Multidisciplinary Education and Research Universities (MERUs), at average with IITs, IIMs, to be set up as prototypes of reasonable multidisciplinary education of universal norms in the nation.
- The National Research Foundation will be formulated as an apex body for nurturing a powerful exploration community and construction exploration capability across higher education.
- Higher Education Commission of India (HECI) will be established as a single umbrella body for the entirety of higher teaching, excluding medical and lawful education.
- Public and private higher teaching organizations will be regulated by the same bunch of norms for constraint, accreditation and educational criteria. Also, HECI will be having four prominent verticals.
- National Higher Education Regulatory Council (NHERC) for regulation,
- General Education Council (GEC) for standard-setting,
- Higher Education Grants Council (HEGC) for funding,
- National Accreditation Council (NAC) for accreditation.
- Confederation of colleges is to be phased out in 15 years and a stage-wise device to be founded for awarding rated freedom to colleges.
- Over an interval of the moment, every college is required to improve into either a self-sufficient degree-granting College or a constituent academy of a university.
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